In 1982, after graduating from the École Nationale d’Administration, Stéphane Martin joined the Cour des Comptes (Court of Auditors), where he became Conseiller Maître (Chief Counsellor) in September 2000.
From 1986 to 1989, he was President of the Commission for the Audit and Control of Public Institutions and a member of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Senegal.
From 1989, Stéphane Martin’s career centred on the world of culture, communication and research.
He was successively appointed as:
- Executive Officer of the Centre Georges Pompidou (1989-90);
- Assistant Director of Music at Radio France (1990-93);
- Assistant Director of the cabinet of Jacques Toubon at the Ministry of Culture and Francophonie (1993);
- Director of Music and Dance at the Ministry of Culture and Francophonie (1993-95);
- Director of the cabinet of Philippe Douste-Blazy at the Ministry of Culture and Communication (1995-97);
- Director of the Grimaldi Forum in Monaco (1997-1998)
From 1997 to 2009, he was President of the Ensemble Intercontemporain.
In December 1998, Stéphane Martin was appointed President of the public institution of the musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac.
In 2011, he wrote the book Musée du Quai Branly – Là où dialoguent les cultures, which relates the history of the creation of the musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac (Collection Découvertes Gallimard, n° 574, Série Culture et Société).
- Officer in the National Order of the Legion of Honor
- Officer in the National Order of Merit
- Commander in the Order of Arts and Letters
- Commander in the Orders of the Lion and of Merit of Senegal
- Officer of the Order of Merit (Poland)